Fauci, Anthony Stephen, 1940–, American physician, immunologist, and government official, b. Brooklyn, New York, M.D. Cornell, 1966. A senior investigator in the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) from 1971, he was made chief of the new laboratory of immunoregulation in 1980, and with the outbreak of AIDS in 1981, he began a study of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. In 1984 Fauci also was appointed director of NIAID. He has made important contributions to the research on AIDS, SARS, Ebola, influenza, and other infectious diseases, has described how immunosuppressive agents affect the human immune response, and has developed therapies for several once fatal inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases. A noted adviser to presidents and government agencies, he has headed numerous initiatives to foster preparedness against health crises and has served as a member of the White House Coronavirus Task Force; in 2021 he became chief medical adviser to President Biden.
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