In men over 50 enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy) is common. Sometimes the result is pressure on the urethra and bladder, which interferes with urination, precipitating urinary retention and kidney disease. Transurethral resection of the prostate, an effective surgical procedure, can lead to sexual problems. Less invasive procedures are available to for removing prostate tissue or reducing the pressure caused by it, and medication with alpha blockers, finasteride (Proscar), and other drugs or drug combinnations may be effective. See also prostate cancer, prostatitis.
See J. P. Blandy and B. Lytton, The Prostate (1986).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Anatomy and Physiology