1763–1804, English genre, animal, and landscape painter. A pupil of his father, Henry Morland (1716–97), a London portrait painter, he left his father's studio when he was 21 and began a lifelong career of dissipation. He painted prolifically, producing more than 4,000 pictures in his short life, and although his work was popular and made him a fortune, he squandered his money and was often imprisoned for debt. In 1791 he painted his masterpiece, Interior of a Stable
(National Gall., London). He painted genre scenes and the English countryside, rendering them in rich colors and with a gusto that modifies their sentimentality. Dogs Fighting
and Old English Sportsman
(N.Y. Historical Society) and Pigs in a Fodder Yard
(N.Y. Public Lib.) are representative. Despite his earlier fame, Morland died in a detention house for debtors.
See catalog by L. L. Gall. (1966); study by W. Gilbey and E. D. Cuming (1907).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: European Art, 1600 to the Present: Biographies