Sejong City, city (2012 est. pop. 120,000), E central South Korea, c.75 mi (120 km) S of Seoul. A planned city, Sejong City was established to host many national government agencies in order to relieve crowding in Seoul. Officially opened in 2012, it was proposed by President Roh Moo Hyun, who envisioned it as the nation's new, more centrally located capital. In 2004, however, the constitutional court ruled against his plan to transfer the capital. The city was carved from portions of North and South Chungcheong provinces.
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