Carbondale. 1 City (2020 pop. 21,857), Jackson co., S Ill.; inc. 1869. It is a railroad division point and the retail center of a coal-mining and farming area. Southern Illinois Univ. is a major employer. Memorial Day was inaugurated (1868) in Carbondale by Gen. John Logan. Giant City State Park and a wildlife refuge are nearby. 2 City (2020 pop. 8,303), Lackawanna co., NE Pa., on the Lackawanna River; inc. 1851. A former coal-mining center, it now has diversified manufacturing. Terence Powderly, the labor leader, was born there.

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