Hot Springs. <1> City (2020 pop. 37,930), seat of Garland co., W central Ark.; settled 1807, inc. 1876. The city nearly surrounds Hot Springs National Park, whose hot mineral springs made the city a famous health resort. Bottled mineral water is produced, and there is diversified manufacturing. Situated in the Ouachita Mts., the city is at the center of the reservoir system of the Ouachita River. The area was visited by the Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto in 1541. The properties of the local mineral waters were investigated in 1804 under the authorization of President Thomas Jefferson. <2> City (2020 pop 3,395), seat of Fall River co., SW S. Dak. Originally inhabited by Native Americans, white settlers arrived c. 1890, attracted by its natural springs. The Mammoth Site, a major paleontological site and museum, is nearby; to date, the remains of 61 mammoths have been recovered there. The U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs hospital there was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2011.
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