The site was selected by Ebenezer Zane, surveyor of Zane's Trace, the gateway to the Northwest Territory. A two-year interval as state capital (1810–12) and the city's location on waterways and the National Road spurred its growth. An art institute and a campus of Ohio Univ. are in the city. Of interest are the National Road–Zane Grey museum, several early homes of Federal design, and the nearby Ohio Ceramic Center. A state park is at Dillon Reservoir to the northwest.
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