Falmouth, town (1990 pop. 27,960), Barnstable co., SE Mass., on Cape Cod settled c.1660, inc. 1686. Once a whaling and boatbuilding center, the town has become a popular tourist summer resort. Falmouth was attacked by the British in the Revolutionary War and again in the War of 1812. Historic structures include the Ship's Bottom Roof House (1678) the Congregational church on the town green (1756 restored), with a bell cast by Paul Revere and the Julia Wood House (1790). The town includes the community of Woods Hole, seat of the Oceanographic Institution and Marine Biological Laboratories.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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