South Holland, Dutch Zuidholland, province (1994 pop. 3,313,200), c.1,085 sq mi (2,810 sq km), W Netherlands, bounded by the North Sea in the west. The Hague is the capital; other cities include Rotterdam , Dordrecht , Leiden , Delft , Schiedam , and Gouda . A fertile lowland, protected by dunes and dikes along the coast, its physical geography is similar to that of North Holland , with which it was united until 1840 as Holland . In 1953 a flood seriously damaged the province's soil.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Benelux Political Geography