Wilson, Edward Osborne
selfish.He later called for careful study of
gene-cultural co-evolution.Critics have called sociobiology a dangerously reductive determinism that could be used to defend notions of racial superiority and eugenics others have defended Wilson's evidence and biological reasoning.
Wilson's On Human Nature (1978) won the Pulitzer Prize Biophilia (1984) suggests that human attraction to other living things is innate Consilience (1998) urges wider integration of the sciences and The Creation (2006) pleads for a unified effort by secular and religious thinkers to save the earth's biodiversity. A long-time advocate of preserving biodiversity, he and Robert H. MacArthur wrote The Theory of Island Biogeography (1967), which examined and sought to explain how isolated natural communities acquire and lose species the work had significant negative implications for the attempted preservation of species and environments in areas of limited extent. Other books by Wilson are Insect Societies (1971), The Diversity of Life (1992), The Ants, with Bert Hölldobler (1990 Pulitzer Prize), The Future of Life (2002), The Superorganism, also with Hölldobler (2008), The Social Conquest of Earth (2012), a novel, Anthill (2010), The Meaning of Human Existence (2014), and A Window on Eternity (2014), on the destruction and rebirth of Mozambique's Gorongosa National Park. Letters to a Young Scientist (2013) is an autobiographical celebration of a life devoted to scientific exploration and a suggestion of the many areas of science yet to be investigated.
See his autobiography (1994).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Zoology: Biographies
Browse By Subject
- Earth and the Environment +-
- History +-
- Literature and the Arts +-
- Medicine +-
- People +-
- Philosophy and Religion +-
- Places +-
- Australia and Oceania
- Britain, Ireland, France, and the Low Countries
- Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Nations
- Germany, Scandinavia, and Central Europe
- Latin America and the Caribbean
- Oceans, Continents, and Polar Regions
- Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and the Balkans
- United States, Canada, and Greenland
- Plants and Animals +-
- Science and Technology +-
- Social Sciences and the Law +-
- Sports and Everyday Life +-