Reformation, religious revolution that took place in Western Europe in the 16th cent. It arose from objections to doctrines and practices in the medieval church (see Roman Catholic Church) and ultimately led to the freedom of dissent (see Protestantism).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Sections in this article:
- Ferment, Division, and Warfare
- The Influence of Martin Luther
- Economic, Spiritual, and Political Motives
- Calvin and the Spread of Protestantism
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Protestant Denominations