Organization of Islamic Cooperation
The OIC's main bodies are the Islamic Summit, its supreme body, which consists of heads of state and of government and meets every three years; the Conference of Foreign Ministers, which meets once a year and in special sessions; and the General Secretariat, which manages the OIC's affairs and is headed by a secretary-general. Among its specialized institutions is the Islamic Development Bank. The wide geographic dispersal of the OIC's members and their varied, sometimes clashing political philosophies and religious views have tended to constrain the organization's overall effectiveness, and it often has been unable to implement its resolutions.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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