textualism,the idea that one should focus on the text of the U.S. constitution or a law, and
originalism,which stresses that jurists should rely on the constitution's meaning as defined by its framers at the time of its adoption when seeking to interpret it and that decisions of judges should be based on that original meaning, a position enunciated in his book A Matter of Interpretation (1997). He is regarded as one of the most influential justices of the late 20th and early 21st cent. Though he was willing to overturn (often liberal) precedents and was one of the most conservative members of the Court's right wing, Scalia sometimes took more libertarian positions, for example, protecting flag burning as a form of free speech.
See C. J. Scalia (his son) and E. Whelan, ed., Scalia Speaks (2017); biographies by J. Biskupic (2009) and B. A. Murphy (2014).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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