Geometry: Proving Segments and Angles Are Congruent

Proving Segments and Angles Are Congruent

After you have shown that two triangles are congruent, you can use the fact that CPOCTAC to establish that two line segments (corresponding sides) or two angles (corresponding angles) are congruent.

  • Example 4: If R and V are right angles, and RST ~= VST (see Figure 12.11), write a two-column proof to show ¯RT ~= ¯TV.

Figure 12.11R and V are right angles, and RST ~= VST.

  • Solution: You need a game plan. If you could show that RST ~= VST, then you could use CPOCTAC to show that ¯RT ~= ¯TV. To show that RST ~= VST, you simply use the AAS Theorem.
1. R and V are right angles, and RST ~= VST Given
2. RST ~= VSTAAS Theorem
3. ¯RT; ~= ¯TV CPOCTAC
  • Example 5: Suppose that in Figure 12.12, CB bisects ACD and ¯BC AD. Write a two-column proof to show that A ~= D.

Figure 12.12CB bisects ACD and ¯BC ¯AD.

  • Solution: Because ¯BC ¯AD, you know that ABC ~= DBC. Because CB bisects ACD , you know that ACB ~= DCB. Finally, BC is congruent to itself, and you can use the ASA Postulate to show that ABC ~= DBC. By CPOCTAC, you can conclude that A ~= D. Let's write it up.
1.CB bisects ACD and ¯BC ¯AD Given
2. ABC and DBC are right anglesDefinition of
3. mABC = 90º and mDBC = 90º Definition of right angle
4. mABC = mDBC Substitution
5. ABC ~= DBC Definition of
6. ACB ~= DCB Definition of angle bisector
7. ¯BC ~= ¯BC Reflexive property of ~=
8. ABC ~= DBC ASA Postulate
book cover

Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Geometry/cite> © 2004 by Denise Szecsei, Ph.D.. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

To order this book direct from the publisher, visit the Penguin USA website or call 1-800-253-6476. You can also purchase this book at and Barnes & Noble.