engineer, technology executive
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
The son of a Jewish dairyman in Hungary, Andrew Grove successfully hid from the Nazis but fled when the Red Army invaded in 1957. In the United States he earned a doctorate in engineering and in 1968 became the first employee of Intel. Famously exacting, and wielding the maxim “only the paranoid survive,” Grove later wrote a book by that title, became the technology company's president in 1979 and CEO in 1986. Under his leadership, Intel's stock-market value increased twenty-fold. Grove was named Time magazine's Man of the Year in 1997, the same year he resigned to dedicate himself to studying the computer industry.