2012 Nobel Prize Winners
Below find the winners of the 2012 Nobel Prizes, including prizes for Peace, Physics, Medicine, Chemistry, Literature, and Economics.
The European Union (EU), which for "over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe"
- Physiology or Medicine
One-half jointly to Sir John B. Gurdon (UK) and Shinya Yamanaka (Japan) for "the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
One-half to David J. Wineland (France) and one-half jointly to David J. Wineland (U.S.) and Adam G. Riess (U.S.) for "ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"
Jointly to Robert J. Lefkowitz (U.S.) and Brian K. Kobilka (U.S.) for "studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
Mo Yan (China) "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary"
- Economics Jointly to Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley (both U.S.) for "the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design"