Coretta Scott King
Civil Rights Figure
Date Of Birth:
27 April 1927
Date Of Death:
30 January 2006
Place Of Birth:
Best Known As:
The wife of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Coretta Scott King was the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. The couple met in Boston, where Coretta Scott was studying voice at the New England Conservatory of Music and King was studying theology at Boston University. They were married on June 18, 1953, when Scott was 26 years old. The family moved to Montgomery, Alabama and then to Atlanta as Dr. King became a civil rights leader and a prominent public figure. After Dr. King's assassination in 1968, Coretta King established the King Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlanta; she also supported the establishment of a national holiday in honor of her husband, an idea which became law under President Ronald Reagan in 1986. Coretta Scott King and Martin Luther King had four children: Yolanda (born 1955), Martin Luther III (b. 1957), Dexter (b. 1961), and Bernice (1963).
The annual Coretta Scott King Award, to honor children’s book authors and illustrators of African descent, was created by the American Library Association (ALA) in 1969.
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