Ernest Hemingway is also called by his familiar nickname ?Papa?? His birthdate is sometimes listed in error as 1898. According to a 1954 article in the New York Times, ?In most reference books and in his own conversation he is one year older because he gave 1898 as his birth date when he tried to enlist [in the army] early in 1917, and stuck to that date ever since?? Ernest Hemingway?s father also committed suicide, shooting himself with a Civil War pistol in 1928? He wrote several short stories about the character Nick Adams, his youthful alter ego; they were collected in The Nick Adams Stories in 1972? Ernest Hemingway was married four times: to Hadley Richardson (1921-27; she?s featured in A Moveable Feast); to Pauline Pfeiffer (1927-40); to Martha Gelhorn (1940-45) and to Mary Welsh (1946 until his death in 1961). He had three sons: Jack (with Hadley, called ?Bumby? in A Moveable Feast, b. 1923), and Patrick (b. 1928) and Gregory (b. 1931), both with Pauline? The model Margaux Hemingway (1954-96) and Mariel Hemingway (b. 1961) are Jack Hemingway?s daughters and Ernest Hemingway?s granddaughters. Mariel?s daughter Dree Hemingway (b. 1987) is a model.
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