Gabriel Garca Mrquez
Name at birth: Gabriel Jos de la Concordia Garca Mrquez
Colombian writer Gabriel Garca Mrquez won a Nobel Prize in 1982 for a body of work that includes the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. Raised mostly by his grandparents, Gabriel Garca Mrquez studied law and journalism in Bogota in the 1940s during a time of government instability and political violence. He then worked for newspapers and traveled to Europe, Venezuela, Cuba and Mexico before turning his attention to writing fiction full-time around 1965. Although his early novels gained little notice, he became an international celebrity after Cien aos de soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude), an epic history of the Buenda family and the fictional town of Macondo. First published in 1967, the book was translated into English in 1970. One of Latin America's best-known authors, Mrquez was a master of what is called "magic realism," stories in which magical happenings are treated as commonplace events. A longtime supporter of leftist causes, he had an icy relationship with the United States (Mrquez was a one-time pal of Fidel Castro) until the 1990s, by which time he was an old man and a literary giant. His other novels include The Autumn of the Patriarch (1976), Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1982) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1988). He also published collections of stories and non-fiction essays, and a memoir, Living to Tell the Tale. Gabriel Garca Mrquez was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer in 1999, and in 2012 his brother announced that Mrquez was suffering advanced dementia. He died at home in 2014.
Gabriel Garca Mrquez was widely known by his nickname of Gabo.
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