John Madden coached the Oakland Raiders to victory in Super Bowl XI and went on to become one of America's best-known (and most enthusiastic) football announcers. Madden began coaching after an aborted career as a professional football player -- he was drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles, but never made the active roster because of an early knee injury. He had short stints coaching in California at Hancock Junior College (1960-64) and San Diego State (1964-66) before landing a job as an assistant with the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League in 1967. Madden became head coach in 1969 and stayed in the job through the 1978 season. His Raiders won Super Bowl XI in 1977, defeating the Minnesota Vikings by a score of 32-14. Madden's overall record with the Raiders was 103-32-7, giving him the highest winning percentage of any NFL coach (just edging out legendary Green Bay Packers coach Vince Lombardi
, whose lifetime record was 105-35-6). In 1980 Madden turned his talents to broadcasting and spent the next three decades as an NFL color commentator for CBS, Fox, ABC and NBC, becoming known for his eager exclamations of "gosh" and "boom!" and his goofy sense of humor. Madden's amiable personality led to a career beyond the arena of football; he has published several books and appeared in dozens of television commercials (most famously for Miller beer). He also lent his name to a fast-paced home video game, Madden NFL Football
, which was updated each year and became the best-selling sports video game of all time. Madden was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame as a head coach in 2006. He announced his retirement from broadcasting on 16 April 2009, saying "It's time."