Sherlock Holmes

Fictional Detective
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The most famous detective in English literature
Sherlock Holmes is the fictional creation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who wrote about the amazing detective in a series of 60 stories published between 1887 and 1927. Sherlock Holmes was famous for his extra-keen powers of observation and deduction, which he used to solve perplexing crimes and mysteries. He operated from his flat at 221b Baker Street in London, assisted by his friend Dr. Watson. The nefarious criminal Professor Moriarty appears as Holmes's antagonist in some of the tales. Sherlock Holmes was an immediate hit in Doyle's day and has remained so popular that he is sometimes mistaken for a real historical figure. Among the most famous Holmes stories are A Study in Scarlet (the first Sherlock Holmes story, 1887) and The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902).
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Sherlock Holmes was played by actor Basil Rathbone in a popular series of movies from 1939-46. In the 1980s and 1990s, Holmes was portrayed on television by Jeremy Brett; Holmes was played by Robert Downey, Jr. in the 2009 action feature film Sherlock Holmes (and a 2011 sequel); and in 2010, the BBC began a modern-day version of the tales with Benedict Cumberbatch as Holmes… Sherlock Holmes has an older brother, Mycroft, who appears in a few of the stories. Mycroft has powers of deduction which are supposedly even greater than Sherlock’s, but lacks the energy to pursue them… The Guinness Book of World Records said in 2012 that Sherlock Holmes had been portrayed more times on film and television than any other literary character.

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