Winston Churchill

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom / World War II Figure
Date Of Birth:
30 November 1874
Date Of Death:
24 January 1965
Place Of Birth:
Oxfordshire, England
Best Known As:
Indefatigable prime minister of Britain during World War II
Soldier, writer, politician and finally prime minister, Winston Churchill was one of 20th-century Britain's greatest figures. He is particularly remembered for his indomitable spirit while leading Great Britain to victory in World War II. Winston Churchill fought with the British Army in India and Sudan in the late 1800s, and as a journalist was captured in South Africa (where his dispatches from the Boer War first brought him to public prominence). His escape from the Boers and across the border to freedom made his name, and he was welcomed home as a young hero. He became a member of Parliament in 1900 and remained an MP for over 64 years. His early topsy-turvy political career earned him many enemies, but his stirring speeches, bulldog tenacity and refusal to make peace with Adolf Hitler made him the popular choice to lead England through World War II. When Britain and its allies prevailed in 1945, Churchill's place in history was assured. (Ironically, he lost the prime ministership two months after Germany's surrender, when the opposition Labor Party took majority control of Parliament.) Witty and indefatigably productive, Winston Churchill wrote a plethora of histories, biographies and memoirs, including the landmark four-volume A History of the English-speaking Peoples (1956-58). In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature; he was knighted the same year.
Extra Credit

Winston Churchill served as prime minister from 1940-45 and again from 1951-55… He married the former Clementine Hozier in 1908. They had four daughters and a son: Diana (b. 1909), Randolph (b. 1911), Sarah (b. 1914), Marigold (b. 1918) and Mary (b. 1922). Marigold died in 1921. Winston and Clementine Churchill remained married until his death in 1965; she died in 1977, aged 92… Winston Churchill’s wartime contemporaries included presidents Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman, French resistance leader Charles de Gaulle and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin… More recent British PMs have included Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair… The famous portrait of a scowling Winston Churchill was taken by Canadian photographer Yousuf Karsh.

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