Presidential Elections, 1789–2016

Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster Staff

Election results for every election, from 1789 to the present. Includes all candidates, their parties, number of electoral and popular votes.

For the original method of electing the president and the vice president (elections of 1789, 1792, 1796, and 1800), see Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution. The election of 1804 was the first one in which the electors voted for president and vice president on separate ballots. (See Amendment XII to the Constitution.)

Year Presidential
candidate
Party Electoral
votes
1789 1 GeorgeWashington
JohnAdams
Scattering
Votesnotcast
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
69
34
35
8
1792 GeorgeWashington
JohnAdams
GeorgeClinton
ThomasJefferson
AaronBurr
Votesnotcast
Federalist
Federalist
Anti-Federalist
Anti-Federalist
Anti-Federalist
132
77
50
4
1
6
1796 JohnAdams
ThomasJefferson
ThomasPinckney
AaronBurr
Scattering
Federalist
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
Dem.-Rep.
71
68
59
30
48
1800 2 ThomasJefferson
AaronBurr
JohnAdams
CharlesC.Pinckney
JohnJay
Dem.-Rep.
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
Federalist
Federalist
73
73
65
64
1
Year Presidential
candidate
Party Electoral
votes
Vice-presidential
candidate
Party Electoral
votes
1804 ThomasJefferson
CharlesC.Pinckney
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
162
14
GeorgeClinton
RufusKing
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
162
14
1808 JamesMadison
CharlesC.Pinckney
GeorgeClinton
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
Dem.-Rep.
122
47
6
1
GeorgeClinton
RufusKing
JohnLangdon
JamesMadison
JamesMonroe
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
Ind.(noparty)
Dem.-Rep.
Dem.-Rep.
113
47
9
3
3
1
1812 JamesMadison
DeWittClinton
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
128
89
1
ElbridgeGerry
JaredIngersoll
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
131
86
1
1816 JamesMonroe
RufusKing
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
183
34
4
DanielD.Tompkins
JohnE.Howard
JamesRoss
JohnMarshall
RobertG.Harper
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Federalist
Ind(noparty)
Federalist
Ind.(noparty)
183
22
5
4
3
4
1820 JamesMonroe
JohnQuincyAdams
Votesnotcast
Dem-Rep
Ind.(noparty)
231
1
3
DanielD.Tompkins
RichardStockton
DanielRodney
RichardRush
RobertG.Harper
Votesnotcast
Dem.-Rep.
Ind.(noparty)
Ind.(noparty)
Ind.(noparty)
Ind.(noparty)
218
8
4
1
1
3
1824 3 JohnQuincyAdams
AndrewJackson
WilliamH.Crawford
HenryClay
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
84
99
41
37
JohnC.Calhoun
NathanSanford
NathanielMacon
AndrewJackson
MartinVanBuren
HenryClay
Votesnotcast
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
(noparty)
182
30
24
13
9
2
1
1828 AndrewJackson
JohnQuincyAdams
Democratic
Natl.Rep.
178
83
JohnC.Calhoun
RichardRush
WilliamSmith
Democratic
Natl.Rep.
Democratic
171
83
7
1832 AndrewJackson
HenryClay
JohnFloyd
WilliamWirt
Votesnotcast
Democratic
Natl.Rep.
Ind.(noparty)
Antimasonic4
219
49
11
7
2
MartinVanBuren
JohnSergeant
HenryLee
AmosEllmaker
WilliamWilkins
Votesnotcast
Democratic
Natl.Rep.
Ind.(noparty)
Antimasonic
Ind.(noparty)
189
49
11
7
30
2
1836 MartinVanBuren
WilliamH.Harrison
HughL.White
DanielWebster
W.P.Mangum
Democratic
Whig
Whig
Whig
Ind.(noparty)
170
73
26
14
11
RichardM.Johnson5
FrancisGranger
JohnTyler
WilliamSmith
Democratic
Whig
Whig
Ind.(noparty)
147
77
47
23
1840 William H.Harrison6
MartinVanBuren
Whig
Democratic
234
60
JohnTyler
RichardM.Johnson
L.W.Tazewell
JamesK.Polk
Whig
Democratic
Ind.(noparty)
Democratic
234
48
11
1
1844 JamesK.Polk
HenryClay
Democratic
Whig
170
105
GeorgeM.Dallas
Theo.Frelinghuysen
Democratic
Whig
170
105
1848 ZacharyTaylor7
LewisCass
Whig
Democratic
163
127
MillardFillmore
WilliamO.Butler
Whig
Democratic
163
127
1852 FranklinPierce
WinfieldScott
Democratic
Whig
254
42
WilliamR.King
WilliamA.Graham
Democratic
Whig
254
42
1856 JamesBuchanan
JohnC.Fremont
MillardFillmore
Democratic
Republican
American8
174
114
8
JohnC.Breckinridge
WilliamL.Dayton
A.J.Donelson
Democratic
Republican
American8
174
114
8
1860 AbrahamLincoln
JohnC.Breckinridge
JohnBell
StephenA.Douglas
Republican
Democratic
Const.Union
Democratic
180
72
39
12
HannibalHamlin
JosephLane
EdwardEverett
H.V.Johnson
Republican
Democratic
Const.Union
Democratic
180
72
39
12
1864 AbrahamLincoln9
GeorgeB.McClellan
Union10
Democratic
212
21
AndrewJohnson
G.H.Pendleton
Union10
Democratic
212
21
1868 UlyssesS.Grant
HoratioSeymour
Votesnotcounted11
Republican
Democratic
214
80
23
SchuylerColfax
FrancisP.Blair,Jr.
Votesnotcounted11
Republican
Democratic
214
80
23

NOTE: The Constitution specifies that the president and vice president be chosen through the votes cast by electors chosen by the states, rather than by a direct popular vote. At first, some electors were chosen by state legislatures, but by 1836 all states but South Carolina chose electors through a statewide popular vote. (S.C. followed suit in 1860.) Today, all states but Maine and Nebraska have a winner-take-all system in which all of a given state's electors vote for the winner of that state's popular vote. While not legally significant, the number of popular votes given nationwide to each major presidential candidate are listed here for elections beginning in 1872.

Year Presidential
candidate
Party Electoral
votes
Popular
votes
Vice-presidential
candidate and party
1872 UlyssesS.Grant
HoraceGreeley
ThomasA.Hendricks
B.GratzBrown
CharlesJ.Jenkins
DavidDavis
Votesnotcounted
Republican
Dem.,LiberalRep.
Democratic
Dem.,LiberalRep.
Democratic
Democratic
286
(12)
42
18
2
1
17
3,597,132
2,834,125



HenryWilson—R
B.GratzBrown—D,LR—(47)
Scattering—(19)
Votenotcounted—(14)

1876 13 RutherfordB.Hayes
SamuelJ.Tilden
PeterCooper
Republican
Democratic
Greenback
185
184
0
4,033,768
4,285,992
81,737
WilliamA.Wheeler—R
ThomasA.Hendricks—D
SamuelF.Cary—G
1880 JamesA.Garfield14
WinfieldS.Hancock
JamesB.Weaver
Republican
Democratic
Greenback
214
155
0
4,449,053
4,442,035
308,578
ChesterA.Arthur—R
WilliamH.English—D
B.J.Chambers—G
1884 GroverCleveland
JamesG.Blaine
BenjaminF.Butler
JohnP.St.John
Democratic
Republican
Greenback
Prohibition
219
182
0
0
4,911,017
4,848,334
175,370
150,369
ThomasA.Hendricks—D
JohnA.Logan—R
A.M.West—G
WilliamDaniel—P
1888 BenjaminHarrison
GroverCleveland
ClintonB.Fisk
AlsonJ.Streeter
Republican
Democratic
Prohibition
UnionLabor
233
168
0
0
5,440,216
5,538,233
249,506
146,935
LeviP.Morton—R
A.G.Thurman—D
JohnA.Brooks—P
CharlesE.Cunningham—UL
1892 GroverCleveland
BenjaminHarrison
JamesB.Weaver
JohnBidwell
Democratic
Republican
People's15
Prohibition
277
145
22
0
5,556,918
5,176,108
1,041,028
264,133
AdlaiE.Stevenson—D
WhitelawReid—R
JamesG.Field—Peo
JamesB.Cranfill—P
1896 WilliamMcKinley
WilliamJ.Bryan

JohnM.Palmer
JoshuaLevering
Republican
Dem.,People's15

Natl.Dem.
Prohibition
271
176

0
0
7,035,638
6,467,946

133,148
132,007
GarretA.Hobart—R
ArthurSewall—D—(149)
ThomasE.Watson—Peo—(27)
SimonB.Buckner—ND
HaleJohnson—P
1900 WilliamMcKinley16
WilliamJ.Bryan
EugeneV.Debs
Republican
Dem.,People's15
SocialDemocratic
292
155
0
7,219,530
6,358,071
94,768
TheodoreRoosevelt—R
AdlaiE.Stevenson—D,Peo
JobHarriman—SD
1904 TheodoreRoosevelt
AltonB.Parker
EugeneV.Debs
Republican
Democratic
Socialist
336
140
0
7,628,834
5,084,491
402,400
CharlesW.Fairbanks—R
HenryG.Davis—D
BenjaminHanford—S
1908 WilliamH.Taft
WilliamJ.Bryan
EugeneV.Debs
Republican
Democratic
Socialist
321
162
0
7,679,006
6,409,106
402,820
JamesS.Sherman—R
JohnW.Kern—D
BenjaminHanford—S
1912 WoodrowWilson
TheodoreRoosevelt
WilliamH.Taft
EugeneV.Debs
Democratic
Progressive
Republican
Socialist
435
88
8
0
6,286,214
4,126,020
3,483,922
897,011
ThomasR.Marshall—D
HiramJohnson—Prog
NicholasM.Butler—R17
EmilSeidel—S
1916 WoodrowWilson
CharlesE.Hughes
A.L.Benson
Democratic
Republican
Socialist
277
254
0
9,129,606
8,538,221
585,113
ThomasR.Marshall—D
CharlesW.Fairbanks—R
G.R.Kirkpatrick—S
1920 WarrenG.Harding18
JamesM.Cox
EugeneV.Debs
Republican
Democratic
Socialist
404
127
0
16,152,200
9,147,353
917,799
CalvinCoolidge—R
FranklinD.Roosevelt—D
SeymourStedman—S
1924 CalvinCoolidge
JohnW.Davis
RobertM.LaFollette
Republican
Democratic
Progressive,Socialist
382
136
13
15,725,016
8,385,586
4,822,856
CharlesG.Dawes—R
CharlesW.Bryan—D
BurtonK.Wheeler—Prog,S
1928 HerbertHoover
AlfredE.Smith
NormanThomas
Republican
Democratic
Socialist
444
87
0
21,392,190
15,016,443
267,420
CharlesCurtis—R
JosephT.Robinson—D
JamesH.Maurer—S
1932 FranklinD.Roosevelt
HerbertHoover
NormanThomas
Democratic
Republican
Socialist
472
59
0
22,821,857
15,761,841
884,781
JohnN.Garner—D
CharlesCurtis—R
JamesH.Maurer—S
1936 FranklinD.Roosevelt
AlfredM.Landon
NormanThomas
Democratic
Republican
Socialist
523
8
0
27,751,597
16,679,583
187,720
JohnN.Garner—D
FrankKnox—R
GeorgeNelson—S
1940 FranklinD.Roosevelt
WendellL.Willkie
NormanThomas
Democratic
Republican
Socialist
449
82
0
27,244,160
22,305,198
99,557
HenryA.Wallace—D
CharlesL.McNary—R
MaynardC.Krueger—S
1944 FranklinD.Roosevelt19
ThomasE.Dewey
NormanThomas
Democratic
Republican
Socialist
432
99
0
25,602,504
22,006,285
80,518
HarryS.Truman—D
JohnW.Bricker—R
DarlingtonHoopes—S
1948 HarryS.Truman
ThomasE.Dewey
J.StromThurmond
HenryA.Wallace
NormanThomas
Democratic
Republican
States'RightsDem.
Progressive
Socialist
303
189
39
0
0
24,179,345
21,991,291
1,176,125
1,157,326
139,572
AlbenW.Barkley—D
EarlWarren—R
FieldingL.Wright—SR
GlenTaylor—Prog
TuckerP.Smith—S
1952 DwightD.Eisenhower
AdlaiE.Stevenson
Republican
Democratic
442
89
33,936,234
27,314,992
RichardM.Nixon—R
JohnJ.Sparkman—D
1956 DwightD.Eisenhower
AdlaiE.Stevenson
Republican
Democratic
457
7320
35,590,472
26,022,752
RichardM.Nixon—R
EstesKefauver—D
1960 JohnF.Kennedy21
RichardM.Nixon
Democratic
Republican
303
21922
34,226,731
34,108,157
LyndonB.Johnson—D
HenryCabotLodge—R
1964 LyndonB.Johnson
BarryM.Goldwater
Democratic
Republican
486
52
43,129,484
27,178,188
HubertH.Humphrey—D
WilliamE.Miller—R
1968 RichardM.Nixon
HubertH.Humphrey
GeorgeC.Wallace
Republican
Democratic
AmericanIndependent
301
191
46
31,785,480
31,275,166
9,906,473
SpiroT.Agnew—R
EdmundS.Muskie—D
CurtisF.LeMay—Al
1972 RichardM.Nixon23
GeorgeMcGovern
JohnG.Schmitz
Republican
Democratic
American
52024
17
0
47,169,911
29,170,383
1,099,482
SpiroT.Agnew—R
SargentShriver—D
ThomasJ.Anderson—A
1976 JimmyCarter
GeraldR.Ford
EugeneJ.McCarthy
Democratic
Republican
Independent
297
24025
0
40,830,763
39,147,973
756,631
WalterF.Mondale—D
RobertJ.Dole—R
None
1980 RonaldReagan
JimmyCarter
JohnB.Anderson
Republican
Democratic
Independent
489
49
0
43,899,248
36,481,435
5,719,437
GeorgeBush—R
WalterF.Mondale—D
PatrickJ.Lucey—I
1984 RonaldReagan
WalterF.Mondale
Republican
Democratic
525
13
54,455,075
37,577,185
GeorgeBush—R
GeraldineA.Ferraro—D
1988 GeorgeH.Bush
MichaelS.Dukakis
Republican
Democratic
426
11126
48,886,097
41,809,074
J.DanforthQuayle—R
LloydBentsen—D
1992 WilliamJ.Clinton
GeorgeH.Bush
H.RossPerot
Democratic
Republican
Independent
370
168
0
44,909,889
39,104,545
19,742,267
AlbertA.Gore,J.—D
J.DanforthQuayle—R
JamesB.Stockdale—I
1996 WilliamJ.Clinton
RobertJ.Dole
H.RossPerot
Democratic
Republican
ReformParty27
379
159
0
47,402,357
39,198,755
8,085,402
AlbertA.Gore,Jr.—D
JackF.Kemp—R
PatChoate—RP27
2000 GeorgeW.Bush
AlbertA.Gore
RalphNader
Republican
Democratic
GreenParty
271
26628
0
50,456,002
50,999,897
2,882,955
RichardB.Cheney—R
JosephI.Lieberman—D
WinonaLaDuke—GP
2004 GeorgeW.Bush
JohnF.Kerry
Republican
Democratic
286
25129
62,028,285
59,028,109
RichardB.Cheney—R
JohnEdwards—D
2008 Barack Obama
John McCain
Democratic
Republican
365
173
66,862,039
58,319,442
Joseph Biden—D
Sarah Palin—R
2012 Barack Obama
Mitt Romney
Democratic
Republican
332
206
62,616,535
59,090,075
Joseph Biden—D
Paul Ryan—R
2016 Donald Trump
Hillary Clinton
Republican
Democratic
30630
23231
62,979,636
65,844,610
Mike Pence?R
Tim Kaine?D
1. Only 10 states participated in the election. The New York legislature chose no electors, and North Carolina and Rhode Island had not yet ratified the Constitution.
2. As Jefferson and Burr were tied, the House of Representatives chose the president. In a vote by states, 10 votes were cast for Jefferson, 4 for Burr; 2 votes were not cast.
3. As no candidate had an electoral-vote majority, the House of Representatives chose the president from the first three. In a vote by states, 13 votes were cast for Adams, 7 for Jackson, and 4 for Crawford.
4. The Antimasonic Party on Sept. 26, 1831, was the first party to hold a nominating convention to choose candidates for president and vice president.
5. As Johnson did not have an electoral-vote majority, the Senate chose him 33–14 over Granger, the others being legally out of the race.
6. Harrison died April 4, 1841, and Tyler succeeded him April 6.
7. Taylor died July 9, 1850, and Fillmore succeeded him July 10.
8. Also known as the Know-Nothing Party.
9. Lincoln died April 15, 1865, and Johnson succeeded him the same day.
10. Name adopted by the Republican National Convention of 1864. Johnson was a War Democrat.
11. 23 Southern electoral votes were excluded.
12. Greeley died Nov. 29, 1872, before his 66 electors voted; 63 of Greeley's votes were scattered among four of the other candidates.
13. Hayes was chosen by a special electoral commission since initially neither candidate had the requisite 185 electoral votes.
14. Garfield died Sept. 19, 1881, and Arthur succeeded him Sept. 20.
15. Members of People's Party were called Populists.
16. McKinley died Sept. 14, 1901, and Roosevelt succeeded him the same day.
17. James S. Sherman, Republican candidate for vice president, died Oct. 30, 1912, and the Republican electoral votes were cast for Butler.
18. Harding died Aug. 2, 1923, and Coolidge succeeded him Aug. 3.
19. Roosevelt died April 12, 1945, and Truman succeeded him the same day.
20. One electoral vote from Alabama was cast for Walter B. Jones.
21. Kennedy died Nov. 22, 1963, and Johnson succeeded him the same day.
22. Sen. Harry F. Byrd received 15 electoral votes.
23. Nixon resigned Aug. 9, 1974, and Gerald R. Ford succeeded him the same day.
24. One electoral vote from Virginia was cast for John Hospers, Libertarian Party.
25. One electoral vote from Washington was cast for Ronald Reagan.
26. One electoral vote from West Virginia was cast for Lloyd Bentsen.
27. Perot helped establish the Reform Party following his defeat in the 1992 election.
28. One elector from the District of Columbia left her ballot blank to protest the city's lack of representation in Congress, leaving Gore with 266 electoral votes instead of 267.
29. One elector from Minnesota cast a vote for John Edwards.
30. The 2016 election saw a historic number of electors change their votes, with 2 pledged to Donald Trump voting for John Kasich (1, Texas) and Ron Paul (1, Texas).
31. The 2016 election saw a historic number of electors change their votes, with 5 pledged to Hillary Clinton voting for Colin Powell (3, Washington), Bernie Sanders (1, Hawaii), and Faith Spotted Eagle (1, Washington).