Russian Culture Timeline: The Soviet Period

Russian Culture Timeline: Russian Culture
Part IV: The Soviet Period
by David Johnson

1920 1935 1958 1974 2000 Back: Rise of Russia

1918
Greatest Russian symbolist poet, Aleksandr Blok, writes The Twelve, the ultimate poem of the revolution, applauds Communist takeover
1920
Avant-garde artists publish Realistic Manifesto; endorse new artistic directions
1922
Officials increasingly hostile toward avant-garde art

Constructivist sculptors (and brothers) Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner leave Russia, experiment with space, form, create dynamic works, revolutionize modern sculpture

Painter Marc Chagall leaves Russia for Paris, becomes major success, draws on cubism, Russian folk art; forerunner of surrealism
1923-
circa 1985
Ministry of Culture takes over Russian art, mandates standards of Socialist Realism in creative arts
1925
Dmitri Shostakovich, first musical child of revolution, composes First Symphony

Sergei Eisenstein releases film Battleship Potemkin, winning international acclaim, developed montage editing technique montage
1935
Leading originator of abstract art, Wassily Kandinsky, living in Paris, paints Movement, features irregular shapes
1958
Boris Pasternak wins Nobel Prize in Literature for novel Doctor Zhivago, influenced by Dostoevsky, Tolstoy; insights into Communist society prompt authorities to force him to refuse prize
1962
To encourage anti-Stalin sentiment, Premier Nikita Khrushchev personally allows publication of One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, a devastating account of Soviet concentration camps
1974
After The Gulag Archipelago published abroad, Solzhenitsyn is deported; wins Nobel Prize in Literature, 1974; today, admired, leading Russian intellectual
Circa
1985
General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev /id/A0821290 allows greater intellectual freedom, glasnost
2000
Russian Orthodox Church bestows sainthood on Czar Nicholas and 1,000 others killed by Communists

Infoplease Links
 More Resources
Academic, university:
Boston University Institute for the Study of Conflict, Ideology and Policy
Harvard University, Davis Center

Academic, K-12:
TeacherVision.com, Russia

Government:
Embassy of the Russian Federation to U.S.
CIA World Factbook, Russia

News:
Moscow Times
Russia Today
St. Petersburg Times

Nuclear/Environment:
Bellona Foundation

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