July

For terms in boldface, see Astronomical Terms.
DayPhenomenonHour
2Venus is 0° 8' south of Saturn. 0100
3Neptune is 1° 3' north of the Moon. Occultation of Neptune by the Moon.1900
5Uranus is 1° 9' south of the Moon. 2100
6Pallas, the second-largest asteroid, appears to be motionless in the sky as it goes from direct motion to retrograde motion.1400
7Earth is at aphelion.0000
7LAST QUARTER1700
9Mars is 6° south of the Moon.1500
9The Moon is at perigee.2200
10Mercury appears to be motionless in the sky as it moves from its greatest elongation west of the Sun back toward a position east of the Sun as viewed from Earth.0200
12Venus is at its greatest illuminated extent.1400
13Mercury is 9° south of the Moon.0300
14Vesta, the third-largest asteroid, appears to be motionless in the sky as it goes from retrograde motion to direct motion.1000
14NEW MOON1200
16Venus is 2° south of Regulus, the brightest star in the constellation Leo.1500
16Saturn is 0° 04' north of the Moon. Occultation of Saturn by the Moon.2300
17Regulus, the brightest star in the constellation Leo, is 0° 3' south of the Moon. Occultation of Regulus by the Moon.0900
17Venus is 3° south of the Moon.1000
20Mercury is at its greatest elongation, at 20° west of the Sun.1500
22FIRST QUARTER0600
22The Moon is at apogee.0900
25Venus appears to be motionless in the sky as it moves toward its greatest elongation east of the Sun from a position west of the Sun as viewed from Earth.1300
25Antares, the brightest star in the constellation Scorpius, is 0° 6' north of the Moon. Occultation of Antares by the Moon.1600
25Jupiter is 6° north of the Moon.1800
30FULL MOON0100
31Neptune is 1° 3' north of the Moon. Occultation of Neptune by the Moon.0100