Which Sport Is It?
Is it baseball or softball? You've got a bat, a ball, and you're hoping for a home run, but which sport is it? So far you don't know because these sports are similar but they're not the same. A number of sports look alike. How many of them can you tell apart?
Baseball and Softball
These popular sports both use a ball, bat, and three bases on a diamond-shaped field. The object is to hit the ball and score a run. The team with the most runs wins.
|1. Small, hard ball||1. Large, softer ball|
|2. 90-foot basepath||2. 60-foot basepath|
|3. Nine players per team||3. 10 players per team (slow pitch; fast pitch has nine players per team)|
|4. Overhand pitch||4. Underhand pitch|
Biathlon and Triathlon
Both are sports made up of more than one event.
|1. Made up of two sports - cross-country skiing and rifle shooting||1. Made up of three sports - swimming, running, and bicycling|
|2. Competitors ski through the woods and stop every five kilometers to shoot at a board with five targets.||2. Competitors swim a distance, then run a distance, then bike until the finish. Distances are not always the same.|
|3. Fastest time wins. Each missed target adds one minute to your time.||3. Fastest time wins.|
Bobsledding and Tobogganing
Both are snow sports using sleds.
|1. Team with fastest time wins.||1. Not competitive|
|2. Sled mounted on runners to gain speed||2. Long, flat sled curved in front|
|3. Two-Four people race||3. Two-Four people coast down a hill|
Calisthenics and Gymnastics
Both require an agile, flexible body.
|Exercises to promote physical fitness such as: pull-ups, jumping jacks, sit-ups||Artistic gymnastics: vault, symmetric bars, balance beams, floor exercises, rings, high bar|
Curling and Hurling
None except they sound very similar.
|1. Played on ice||1. Played on a large, rectangular field|
|2. Four players per team||2. 15 players per team|
|3. Players use brooms and a large piece of granite (rock) which is called the stone.||3. Players use a ball similar to a baseball and curved sticks known as hurleys.|
|4. One player slides the stone down the ice towards a bullseye. Two others sweep the ice to make the stone go faster.||4. Players try to hit the ball into a net (3 points), or just above the net (1 point) using their stick. Or if the ball is off the ground, they can use their hands and feet.|
|5. The winning team has their stone closest to the bullseye.||5. The winning team scores more points than the losing team.|
Field Hockey and Ice Hockey
Both are team sports played with a stick. To score, an object must be hit into the opposing goal.
|Field Hockey||Ice Hockey|
|1. Played on a large, rectangular field||1. Played on ice|
|2. 11 players per team||2. Six players per team|
|3. Players wear cleats||3. Players wear ice skates|
|4. Stick with curved end used to hit ball||4. Long-bladed stick used to hit rubber puck|
Horse Racing — Thoroughbred, Harness, and Steeplechase
In all three, there is a horse running around a track with a jockey (rider) trying to make the horse go faster. The first horse to cross the finish line is the winner.
|1. The jockey is on a saddle on top of the horse.||1. The horse is pulling a cart driven by the jockey. The cart is known as a sulky.||1. The jockey is on a saddle on top of the horse.|
|2. Horses race a certain distance around a flat oval track.||2. Horses race a certain distance around a flat oval track.||2. Horses race around a track that also contains water jumps, ditches, fences, and hurdles.|
Horseshoes and Quoits
The object of both games is to encircle a short metal pole in the ground called a stake—or get closer than your opponent.
|1. Two-four players||1. Any number can play|
|2. Two horseshoes||2. One iron, rubber, or heavy rope ring|
Motocross and Cyclocross
Both sports require a bike and race to the finish.
|1. BMX track: smooth, sandy soil||1. Race course: one-third road, two-thirds plowed land, woods, streams|
|2. Racers jump over mounds||2. Racers ride or carry their bikes|
Paddleball and Racquetball
These sports take place on a court with up to four walls for play. To win points, the opposing player must fail to return the ball to the front wall before its second bounce.
|Uses a perforated paddle with a short handle||Uses a strung racquet with a short handle|
Table Tennis and Ping-Pong
People often think table tennis and Ping-Pong are different sports, but they are the same. Ping-Pong is the company's trademark for table tennis (as Kleenex is for tissues).
Pool and Billiards
Both games are played on a green felt table with a long stick or cue.
|1. Two-four players||1. Two players|
|2. One white (cue) ball, 15 colored and numbered balls||2. One white cue ball, one “spot” white ball and one red ball|
|3. Cue ball knocks colored balls into six holes, or pockets, on side and in corners of table||3. There are no pockets. Players strike the cue ball and try to hit the other two balls on the table, either directly or by banking the balls off the sides of the table.|
|4. Points are scored when balls are knocked into the pockets; person or team with the most points wins||4. A point is scored when the cue ball hits one of the object balls, then riccochets and hits the other; person or team with the most points wins|
Skiing— Nordic, Alpine, and Freestyle
All require skis, poles, and snow. However, many people now enjoy snowboarding (see below). There is Alpine and Freestyle snowboarding but no Nordic snowboarding.
|Nordic cross-country||Alpine downhill skiing||Freestyle skiing|
|1. Relatively flat surface: fields or trails in woods||1. Steep mountain or hill slope||1. Steep mountain with moguls (bumps) and an area for snow jumping|
|2. Quick strides||2. Fast descent from top to bottom||2. Made up of two events - aerials and moguls. Aerials has compeitors doing acrobatic ski jumps. In the moguls competition, racers speed around the moguls to the finish line. Judges determine the winner in each event.|
Snowboarding, part surfing and part skiing, is a very popular winter sport. It requires a board, bindings, and boots. No poles are used.
Skittles and Tenpin Bowling
A player rolls a ball down a long alley, trying to knock down pins.
|1. Even number of players, two-24||1. One-five players|
|2. Ball or thick, flat disk||2. Ball|
|3. Nine pins||3. 10 pins|