Winter Olympics Through the Years: 1984

Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster Staff


In 1980, the Soviet Union and East Germany finished the Winter Games in a virtual tie for the unofficial team championship. The USSR won more gold medals (10–9), but the GDR won more overall medals (23–22).

In 1984, the East Germans edged into the lead in the battle of state-controlled athletic programs, winning three more golds (9–6), while the Soviets won one more overall medal (25–24).

Karin Enke was the top East German performer, taking two gold medals and two silvers in the four women's speed skating events. Teammate Andrea Schöne won a gold and two silvers. Cross-country skier Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen of Finland was the only athlete to win three events and one of only three—Enke and Swedish cross-country skier Gunde Svan were the others—to win four overall medals.

The U.S. hockey team failed to qualify for the medal round, but the men's Alpine ski team, which had never won an event before, won twice. Bill Johnson took the downhill and the Mahre brothers, Phil and Steve, finished 1–2 in the slalom.

Top 10 Standings

National medal standings are not recognized by the IOC. The unofficial point totals are based on 3 points for a gold medal, 2 for a silver and 1 for a bronze. Total medals are in parentheses.

1East Germany (24)99651
2USSR (25)610947
3Finland (13)43624
4USA (8)44020
5Sweden (8)42218
6Norway (9)32417
7Switzerland (5)22111
8Canada (4)2119
 West Germany (4)2119
10Czechoslovakia (6)0248

Leading Medal Winners

Number of individual medals won on the left; gold, silver and bronze breakdown to the right.


No SportG-S-B
4Gunde Svan, SWEX-country2-1-1
3Gaétan Boucher, CANSp. Skating2-0-1
3Peter Angerer, W. Ger.Biathlon1-1-1
3Eirik Kvalfoss, NORBiathlon1-1-1
3Aki Karvonen, FINX-country0-1-2
2Wolfgang Hoppe, E. Ger.Bobsled2-0-0
2Dietmar Schauerhammer, E. Ger.Bobsled2-0-0
2Thomas Wassberg, SWEX-country2-0-0
2Tomas Gustafson, SWESp. Skate1-1-0
2Igor Malkov, USSRSp. Skate1-1-0
2Matti Nykänen, FINSki Jump1-1-0
2Jens Weissflog, E. Ger.Ski Jump1-1-0
2Nikolai Zimyatov, USSRX-country1-1-0
2Sergei Khlebnikov, USSRSp. Skate0-2-0
2Bernhard Lehmann, E. Ger.Bobsled0-2-0
2Bogdan Musiol, E. Ger.Bobsled0-2-0
2Aleksandr Zavialov, USSRX-country0-2-0
2Harri Kirvesniemi, FINX-country0-0-2
2Rene Schofisch, E. Ger.Sp. Skate0-0-2


No SportG-S-B
4Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FINX-country3-0-1
4Karin Enke, E. Ger.Sp. Skating2-2-0
3Andrea Schöne, E. Ger.Sp. Skating1-2-0
2Berit Aunli, NORX-country1-1-0
2Anne Jahren, NORX-country1-0-1
2Brit Pettersen, NORX-country1-0-1
2Kvetoslava Jeriova, CZEX-country0-1-1
2Perrine Pelen, FRAAlpine0-1-1
2Natalia Petruseva, USSRSp. Skate0-0-2

Alpine Skiing


Event  Time
DownhillBill Johnson, USA 1:45.59
SlalomPhil Mahre, USA1:39.41
G.SlalomMax Julen, SWI2:41.18


Event  Time
DownhillMichela Figini, SWI1:13.36
SlalomPaoletta Magoni, ITA1:36.47
G.SlalomDebbie Armstrong, USA2:20.98


Event  MTAdj.Time
10kmErik Kvalfoss, NOR230:53.8
20kmPeter Angerer, W. Ger21:11:52.7
4x7.5kmUSSR (Vasiliev, Kachkarov,
Algimantas, Buligin)


Event  Time
2-ManE. Ger. (Wolfgang Hoppe
 & Dietmar Schauerhammer)3:25.56
4-ManE. Ger. (Wolfgang Hoppe, Roland Wetzig, Dietmar Schauerhammer, Andreas Kirchner) 3:20.22

Figure Skating

Event  Points
MenScott Hamilton, USA3.4
WomenKatarina Witt, E. Ger.3.2
PairsElena Valova & Oleg Vasiliev, USSR1.4
DanceJayne Torvill & Christopher Dean, GBR2.0

Ice Hockey

Medal Round

(Overall records in parentheses)

1USSR (7-0-0)33-0-06161
2Czechoslovakia (6-1-0)32-1-0463
3Sweden (4-2-1)31-2-02312
4Canada (4-3-0)30-3-00010
Note: Games against common opponents carried over from the preliminary round. MEDAL ROUND—the USSR beat Sweden, 10–1, Canada, 4–0, and the Czechs, 2–0, the Czechs beat Canada, 4–0, and Sweden, 2–0; and Sweden beat Canada, 2–0.
Also: The U.S., featuring future NHL stars Chris Chelios and Pat LaFontaine, failed to qualify for the Medal Round, finishing 7th overall with a record of 2–2–2.



Event  Time
1-SeatPaul Hildgartner, ITA3:04.258
2-SeatHans Stanggassinger
 & Franz Wembacher, W. Ger.1:23.620


Event  Time
1-SeatSteffi Martin, E. Ger.2:46.570

Nordic Skiing


Cross Country

Event  Time
15kmGunde Svan, SWE41:25.6
30kmNikolai Zimyatov, USSR1:28:56.3
50kmThomas Wassberg, SWE2:15:55.8
4x10kmSWE (Wassberg, Kohlberg, 
 Ottoson, Svan)1:55:06.3

Ski Jumping

Event  Points
70mJens Weissflog, E. Ger.215.2
90mMatti Nykänen, FIN231.2

Nordic Combined

Event Points
15km/JumpTom Sandberg, NOR422.595


Cross Country

Event  Time
5kmMarja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FIN17:04.0
10kmMarja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FIN31:44.2
20kmMarja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FIN1:01:45.0
4x5kmNOR (Nybråten, Jahren,  
 Pettersen, Aunli)1:06:49.7

Speed Skating


Event  Time
500mSergei Fokichev, USSR38.19
1000mGaétan Boucher, CAN1:15.80
1500mGaétan Boucher, CAN1:58.36
5000mTomas Gustafson, SWE7:12.28
10,000mIgor Malkov, USSR14:39.90


Event  Time  
500mChrista Rothenburger, E. Ger.41.02OR
1000mKarin Enke, E. Ger.1:21.61OR
1500mKarin Enke, E. Ger.2:03.42WR
3000mAndrea Schöne, E. Ger. 4:24.79OR
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