1. harshness, abrasiveness, scratchiness, roughness, raggedness

usage: the roughness of a substance that causes abrasions

2. harshness, roughness, unpleasantness

usage: the quality of being unpleasant (harsh or rough or grating) to the senses

3. cruelty, cruelness, harshness, malevolence, malevolency, malice

usage: the quality of being cruel and causing tension or annoyance

4. severity, severeness, harshness, rigor, rigour, rigorousness, rigourousness, inclemency, hardness, stiffness, sternness, strictness

usage: excessive sternness; "severity of character"; "the harshness of his punishment was inhuman"; "the rigors of boot camp"

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