Philadelphia, Pa.

Mayor: Michael Nutter (to Jan. 2016)

2010 census population (rank): 1,526,006 (5); Male: 719,813 (47.2%); Female: 806,1933 (52.8%); White: 626,221 (41.0%); Black: 661,839 (43.4%); American Indian and Alaska Native: 6,0996 (0.5%); Asian: 96,405 (6.3%); Other race: 90,731 (5.9%); Two or more races: 43,070 (2.8%); Hispanic/Latino: 187,611 (12.3%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 77.5%; 65 and over: 12.1%; Median age: 33.5.

2014 population estimate (rank): 1,560,297 (5)

See additional census data

Land area: 135 sq mi. (350 sq km);

Alt.: Highest, 440 ft.; lowest, sea level

Avg. daily temp.: Jan., 30.4° F; July, 76.7° F

Churches: Roman Catholic, 133; Jewish, 55; Protestant and others, 830;

City-owned parks: 630 (10,252 ac.);

Radio stations:1 AM, 40; FM, 43;

Television stations: 14

Civilian Labor Force (PMSA) March 2015: 694,300

Unemployed: 51,400

Percent: 7.4

Per capita personal income (MSA) 2013: $22,2792

Chamber of Commerce: Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce, 200 South Broad St., Suite 700, Philadelphia, PA 19102

1. Metropolitan area.
2. PhiladelphiaâCamdenâWilmington, PaâN.J.âDel.âMd.

Philadelphia, the largest city in Pennsylvania, is located in the southeast part of the state at the junction of the Schuylkill and Delaware Rivers. It is coextensive with Philadelphia County.

Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, was settled in 1681 by Capt. William Markham, who, with a small band of colonists, had been sent out by his cousin, William Penn. Penn arrived the following year with the intention of creating a refuge for the Quakers.

In the period before the American Revolution, the city outstripped all others in the colonies in education, arts, science, industry, and commerce. In 1774â1776, the First and Second Continental Congresses met in Philadelphia, and, from 1781â1783, the city was the capital of the United States under the Articles of Confederation. In 1790, it became the nation's capital under the Constitution and remained so until the seat of the federal government moved to Washington in 1800.

Within a half-century of the founding of the nation at Independence Hall, Philadelphia had emerged as a leader in America's Industrial Revolution. Today the steam locomotives and hat factories of the 19th century have been replaced by diverse manufacturing specialties such as chemicals (including pharmaceuticals),medical devices, transportation equipment, and printing and publishing. In the services sector, Philadelphia leads in subsectors such as health services, insurance carriers, legal services, and architecture and engineering services. Philadelphia is also home to branches of the U.S. Mint, the Federal Reserve System, and the Internal Revenue Service.

The city's harbor, one of the largest freshwater ports in the world, is the centerpiece of the AmeriPort facility in south Philadelphia, a major shipping center with rail links to the Midwest and Canada.

The city abounds in landmarks of early American history, including Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the Liberty Bell. Other significant tourist attractions are the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Franklin Institute Science Museum, and the Philadelphia Zoological Gardens.

See also Encyclopedia: Philadelphia .

Selected famous natives and residents:

  • Marian Anderson contralto;
  • Frankie Avalon singer and actor;
  • John, Lionel, and Ethel Barrymore actors;
  • Edmund Bacon city planner;
  • Kevin Bacon actor;
  • Boyz II Men R&B group;
  • Mary Cassatt artist;
  • Wilt Chamberlain basketball player;
  • Chubby Checker singer;
  • Bill Cosby actor;
  • Stuart Davis painter;
  • Thomas Eakins painter and sculptor;
  • Fabian singer;
  • W. C. Fields comedian;
  • Benjamin Franklin inventor and statesman;
  • Frank Furness architect;
  • Stan Getz saxophonist;
  • Grace (Kelly) actress and princess of Monaco;
  • Walt Kelly cartoonist;
  • Jack Klugman actor;
  • Patti LaBelle singer;
  • Mario Lanza singer and actor;
  • George McClellan general;
  • Margaret Mead anthropologist;
  • Edgar Allen Poe author;
  • Anna Quindlen writer and Pulitzer Prize winner;
  • Man Ray painter;
  • Betsy Ross flagmaker;
  • Bobby Rydell singer;
  • Will Smith actor;
  • Jacqueline Susann novelist;
  • Robert Venturi architect.

See also: