Facts & Figures

Map of Bhutan
  • Ruler: King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchukin (2006)

    Prime Minister: Tshering Tobgay (2013)

    Total area: 18,147 sq mi (47,000 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 733,643 (growth rate: 1.13%); birth rate: 18.12/1000; infant mortality rate: 37.89/1000; life expectancy: 68.98

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Thimphu (official), 99,000

    Monetary unit: Ngultrum

    Current Government Officials

    Languages: Sharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: Ngalop (also known as Bhote) 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%

    National Holiday: National Day, December 17

    Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)

    Literacy rate: 52.8% (2005 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $5.235 billion; per capita $7,000. Real growth rate: 5.8%. Inflation: 11% Unemployment: 2.1% (2013 est.) Arable land: 2.49%. Agriculture: rice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains; dairy products, eggs. Labor force: 336,400; note: Natural resources: timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide. Exports: $721.8 million (2012 est.): electricity (to India), cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, precious stones, spices. Imports: $1.28 billion (2011 est.): fuel and lubricants, grain, machinery and parts, vehicles, fabrics, rice. Major trading partners: India, South Korea, Hong Kong (2013).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 27,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 560,000 (2012). Broadcast media: state-owned TV station established in 1999; cable TV service offers dozens of Indian and other international channels; first radio station, privately launched in 1973, is now state-owned; 5 private radio stations are currently broadcasting (2012). Internet hosts: 14,590 (2012). Internet users: 50,000 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 8,050 km; (2003). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 2 (2013 est.).

    International disputes: lacking any treaty describing the boundary, Bhutan and China continue negotiations to establish a common boundary alignment to resolve territorial disputes arising from substantial cartographic discrepancies, the largest of which lie in Bhutan's northwest and along the Chumbi salient.

    Major sources and definitions

Flag of Bhutan