Facts & Figures
President: Juan Manuel Santos (2010)
Land area: 401,042 sq mi (1,038,699 sq km); total area: 439,736 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 46,245,297 (growth rate: 1.07%); birth rate: 16.73/1000; infant mortality rate: 15.02/1000; life expectancy: 75.25
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Santafé de Bogotá, 8.743 million
Other large cities: Medellín, 3,497,800; Cali, 2,352,000; Barranquilla, 1,836,000; Bucaramanga 1,065,000
Monetary unit: Colombian Peso
National name: República de Colombia
Ethnicity/race: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
National Holiday: Independence Day, July 20
Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%
Literacy rate: 93.6% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $526.5 billion; per capita $11,100. Real growth rate: 4.2%. Inflation: 2.2%. Unemployment: 9.7%. Arable land: 1.84%. Agriculture: coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp. Labor force: 23.75 million (2011); agriculture 17%, industry 21%, services 62% (2011 est.). Industries: textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower. Exports: $58.7 billion (2013 est.): petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel, bananas, cut flowers. Imports: $53.5 billion (2013 est.): industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity. Major trading partners: U.S., Venezuela, China, Mexico, Brazil, Netherlands, Panama, Spain (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 6.291 million (2012); mobile cellular: 49.066 million (2012). Broadcast media: combination of state-owned and privately owned broadcast media provide service; more than 500 radio stations and many national, regional, and local TV stations (2007). Internet hosts: 4,.41 million (2012). Internet users: 22.538 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 874 km (2008). Highways: total: 141,374 km; (2010). Waterways: 24,725 km (2012). Ports and harbors: Barranquilla, Buenaventura, Cartagena, Muelles El Bosque, Puerto Bolivar, Santa Marta, Turbo. Airports: 836 (2013 est.).
International disputes: in December 2007, ICJ allocated San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina islands to Colombia under 1928 Treaty but did not rule on 82 degrees W meridian as maritime boundary with Nicaragua; managed dispute with Venezuela over maritime boundary and Venezuelan-administered Los Monjes Islands near the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian-organized illegal narcotics, guerrilla, and paramilitary activities penetrate all neighboring borders and have caused Colombian citizens to flee mostly into neighboring countries; Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the US assert various claims to Bajo Nuevo and Serranilla Bank.