Facts & Figures
President: Enrique Peña Nieto (2012)
Land area: 742,485 sq mi (1,923,039 sq km); total area: 761,602 sq mi (1,972,550 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 120,286,655 (growth rate: 1.21%); birth rate: 19.02/1000; infant mortality rate: 12.58/1000; life expectancy: 75.43
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Mexico City, 20.446 million
Other large cities: Guadalajara 4.525 million; Monterrey 4.213 million; Puebla 2.335 million; Tijuana 1.82 million; Toluca de Lerdo 1.748 million (2011)
Monetary unit: Mexican peso
Official name: Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Ethnicity/race: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Religions: Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 16
Literacy rate: 93.5% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.2 trillion; per capita $15,600. Real growth rate: 1.25%. Inflation: 4%. Unemployment: 4.9% plus underemployment of perhaps 25%. Arable land: 12.98%. Agriculture: corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes; beef, poultry, dairy products; wood products. Labor force: 51.48 million; agriculture 13.4%, industry 24.1%, services 61.9% (2011). Industries: food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism. Natural resources: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber. Exports: $370.9 billion (2013 est.): manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton. Imports: $370.7 billion (2013 est.): metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, car parts for assembly, repair parts for motor vehicles, aircraft, and aircraft parts. Major trading partners: U.S., China, Japan (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 20.22 million (2012); mobile cellular: 100.786 million (2012). Broadcast media: many TV stations and more than 1,400 radio stations with most privately owned; the Televisa group once had a virtual monopoly in TV broadcasting, but new broadcasting groups and foreign satellite and cable operators are now available (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16.233 million (2012). Internet users: 31.02 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 17,665 km (2008). Highways: total: 377,660 km; paved: 137,544 km (including 7,176 km of expressways); unpaved: 240,116 km (2004). Waterways: 2,900 km navigable rivers and coastal canals. major seaports: Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Salina Cruz, Veracruz. Airports: 1,714 (2013).
International disputes: abundant rainfall in recent years along much of the Mexico-US border region has ameliorated periodically strained water-sharing arrangements; the US has intensified security measures to monitor and control legal and illegal personnel, transport, and commodities across its border with Mexico; Mexico must deal with thousands of impoverished Guatemalans and other Central Americans who cross the porous border looking for work in Mexico and the United States; Belize and Mexico are working to solve minor border demarcation discrepancies arising from inaccuracies in the 1898 border treaty.