Facts & Figures
Sovereign: Willem-Alexander (2013)
Prime Minister: Mark Rutte (2010)
Land area: 13,104 sq mi (33,939 sq km); total area: 16,033 sq mi (41,526 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 16,877,351 (growth rate: 0.42%); birth rate: 10.83/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.66/1000; life expectancy: 81.12
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Amsterdam (official), 1.056 million; The Hague (administrative capital), 635,000
Other large cities: Rotterdam, 1.014 million
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly guilder)
National name: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Languages: Dutch (official) note: Frisian, Low Saxon, and Limburgish are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
Ethnicity/race: Dutch 80.7%, EU 5%, Indonesian 2.4%, Turkish 2.2%, Surinamese 2%, Moroccan 2%, Caribbean 0.8%, other 4.8% (2008 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 28%, Protestant 19% (includes Dutch Reformed 9%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands, 7%, Calvinist 3%), other 11% (includes about 5% Muslim and lesser numbers of Hindu, Buddhist, Jehovah's Witness, and Orthodox), none 42% (2009 est.)
National Holiday: Queen's Day, April 30
Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $699.7 billion; per capita $43,300. Real growth rate: -0.8%. Inflation: 2.5%. Unemployment: 8.3%. Arable land: 25.08%. Agriculture: grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 7.939 million; agriculture 2.3%, industry 18.8%, services 78.9% (2011 est.). Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing. Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, arable land. Exports: $576.9 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs. Imports: $511 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing. Major trading partners: Germany, Belgium, UK, France, Italy, U.S., Russia, China (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 7.086 million (2012); mobile cellular: 19.643 million (2012). Broadcast media: more than 90% of households are connected to cable or satellite TV systems that provide a wide range of domestic and foreign channels; public service broadcast system includes multiple broadcasters, 3 with a national reach and the remainder operating in regional and local markets; 2 major nationwide commercial television companies, each with 3 or more stations, and many commercial TV stations in regional and local markets; nearly 600 radio stations with a mix of public and private stations providing national or regional coverage (2008). Internet hosts: 13.699 million (2012). Internet users: 14.872 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 3,013 km (2012). Roadways: total: 139,295 km (includes 2,758 km of expressways) (2012) . Waterways: 6,237 km (navigable for ships of 50 tons). Ports and terminals: Amsterdam, IJmuiden, Moerdijk, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Vlissingen. Airports: 29 (2013).
International disputes: none.