Facts & Figures
Sovereign: King Harald V (1991)
Prime Minister: Jonas Gahr Støre (2021)
Land area: 117,483 sq mi (304,282 sq km); total area: 125,020 sq mi (323,802 sq km)
Population (2022 census): 5,553,840 (growth rate: 0.8%); birth rate: 12/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.31/1000; life expectancy: 82.55
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Oslo, 1.071 million
Other large cities: Bergen, 270,600; Stavanger, 197,852; Trondheim, 170,242
Monetary unit: Norwegian krone
National name: Kongeriket Norge
Languages: Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami has three dialects: Lule, North Sami, and South Sami; Sami is an official language in nine municipalities in Norway's three northernmost counties: Finnmark, Nordland, and Troms
Ethnicity/race: Norwegian 81.5% (includes about 60,000 Sami), other European 8.9%, other 9.6% (2021 est.)
Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 67.5%, Muslim 3.1%, Roman Catholic 3.1%, other Christian 3.8%, other 2.6%, unspecified 19.9% (2021 est.)
National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 17
Literacy rate: 100%
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $342.06 billion; per capita $63,600. Real growth rate: 0.86%. Inflation: 2.1%. Unemployment: 3.72%. Arable land: 2.2%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Labor force: 2.699 million; services 78.6%, industry 19.3%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.1% (2020). Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing. Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower. Exports: $117.06 billion (2020 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish. Major trading partners (exports): United Kingdom 18%, Germany 14%, Netherlands 10%, Sweden 9%, France 6%, United States 5% (2019). Imports: $119.08 billion (2020 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners (imports): Sweden 17%, Germany 12%, China 8%, Denmark 7%, United States 6%, United Kingdom 5%, Netherlands 5% (2019).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 348,808 (2020); mobile cellular: 5,825,584 (2020). Broadcast media: state-owned public radio-TV broadcaster operates 3 nationwide TV stations, 3 nationwide radio stations, and 16 regional radio stations; roughly a dozen privately owned television stations broadcast nationally and roughly another 25 local TV stations broadcasting; nearly 75% of households have access to multi-channel cable or satellite TV; 2 privately owned radio stations broadcast nationwide and another 240 stations operate locally (2017). Internet hosts: 3.588 million (2012). Internet users: 5,218,091 (2020).
Transportation: Railways: total: 4,200 km (2019). Roadways: total: 94,902 km (includes 455 km of expressways) (2018). Waterways: 1,577 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture. Airports: 95 (2021).
International disputes: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010.