Facts & Figures
Sovereign: King Harald V (1991)
Prime Minister: Erna Solberg (2013)
Land area: 118,865 sq mi (307,860 sq km); total area: 125,181 sq mi (324,220 sq km)
Population (2014 census): 5,147,792 (growth rate: 1.19%); birth rate: 12.09/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.48/1000; life expectancy: 81.6
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Oslo, 915,000
Other large cities: Bergen, 270,600; Stavanger, 197,852; Trondheim, 170,242
Monetary unit: Norwegian krone
National name: Kongeriket Norge
Languages: Bokmål Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities note: Sami is an official language in nine municipalities
Ethnicity/race: Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 estimate)
Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011 est.)
National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 17
Literacy rate: 100%
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $282.2 billion; per capita $55,400. Real growth rate: 1.6%. Inflation: 1.9%. Unemployment: 3.6%. Arable land: 2.52%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Labor force: 2.707 million; services 77.6%, industry 20.2%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.2% (2012). Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing. Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower. Exports: $154.2 billion (2013 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish. Imports: $90.14 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: UK, Germany, Netherlands, France, U.S., Sweden, Denmark, China (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.465 million (2012); mobile cellular: 5.732 million (2012). Broadcast media: state-owned public radio-TV broadcaster operates 3 nationwide TV stations, 3 nationwide radio stations, and 16 regional radio stations; roughly a dozen privately owned television stations broadcast nationally and roughly another 25 local TV stations broadcasting; nearly 75% of households have access to multi-channel cable or satellite TV; 2 privately owned radio stations broadcast nationwide and another 240 stations operate locally (2008). Internet hosts: 3.588 million (2012). Internet users: 4.431 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 4,237 km (2012). Roadways: total: 93,870 km; paved: 75,754 km (includes 393 km of expressways); unpaved: 18,116 km (2013). Waterways: 1,577 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture. Airports: 95 (2013).
International disputes: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010.