Facts & Figures
President: Ferdinand "BongBong" Marcos, Jr. (2022)
Land area: 115,124 sq mi (298,171 sq km); total area: 115,830 sq mi (300,000 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 114,597,229 (growth rate: 1.6%); birth rate: 24.28/1000; infant mortality rate: 22.23/1000; life expectancy: 70.14
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Manila, 14.406 million
Other large cities: Davao 1.908 million; Cebu City 1.009 million; Zamboanga 931,000; Antipolo 925,000; Cagayan de Oro City 786,000 (2022)
Monetary unit: Peso
National name: Republika ng Pilipinas
Languages: unspecified Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
Ethnicity/race: Tagalog 24.4%, Bisaya/Binisaya 11.4%, Cebuano 9.9%, Ilocano 8.8%, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 8.4%, Bikol/Bicol 6.8%, Waray 4%, other local ethnicity 26.1%, other foreign ethnicity 0.1% (2010 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 79.5%, Muslim 6%, Iglesia ni Cristo 2.6%, Evangelical 2.4%, National Council of Churches in the Philippines 1.1%, other 7.4%, none <0.1% (2015 est.)
Literacy rate: 96.3% (2019)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $871.56 billion; per capita $8,000. Real growth rate: 6.04%. Inflation: 2.4%. Unemployment: 5.11%. Arable land: 18.2%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish. Labor force: 41.533 million; agriculture 25.4%, industry 18.3%, services 56.3% (2020 est.). Industries: electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing. Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper. Exports: $78.82 billion (2020 est.): semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits. Major trading partners (exports): China 16%, United States 15%, Japan 13%, Hong Kong 12%, Singapore 7%, Germany 5% (2019). Imports: $97.58 billion (2020 est.): electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic. Major trading partners (imports): China 29%, Japan 8%, South Korea 7%, United States 6%, Singapore 6%, Indonesia 6%, Thailand 5%, Taiwan 5% (2019).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4,731,196 (2020); mobile cellular: 149,579,406 (2020). Broadcast media:multiple national private TV and radio networks; multi-channel satellite and cable TV systems available; more than 400 TV stations; about 1,500 cable TV providers with more than 2 million subscribers, and some 1,400 radio stations; the Philippines adopted Japan’s Integrated Service Digital Broadcast – Terrestrial standard for digital terrestrial television in November 2013 and is scheduled to complete the switch from analog to digital broadcasting by the end of 2023 (2019). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 425,812 (2012). Internet users: 54,790,543 (2020).
Transportation: Railways: total: 77 km (2017). Highways: total: 216,387 km; paved: 61,093 km; unpaved: 155,294 km (2014). Waterways: 3,219 km; limited to shallow-draft (less than 1.5 m) vessels (2011). Ports and harbors:Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila. Airports:247 (2021).
International disputes: Philippines claims sovereignty over Scarborough Reef (also claimed by China together with Taiwan) and over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue with Palau.