Facts & Figures
President: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (2016)
Prime Minister: Pedro Passos Coelho (2011)
Land area: 35,382 sq mi (91,639 sq km); total area: 35,672 sq mi (92,391 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 10,813,834 (growth rate: 0.12%); birth rate: 9.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.48/1000; life expectancy: 79.01
Capital and largest city (2011 est.) Lisbon, 2.843 million
Other large city: Porto, 1.367 million (2011)
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly escudo)
National name: República Portuguesa
Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Ethnicity/race: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; less than 100,000 citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization; East Europeans have entered since 1990
Religions: Religion Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other 0.6%, unknown 8.3%, none 6.8% (2011 census)
Literacy rate: 95.4% (2011 est.).
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $243.3 billion; per capita $22,900. Real growth rate: -1.8%. Inflation: 0.4%. Unemployment: 16.8%. Arable land: 11.88%. Agriculture: grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 5.395 million (2013 est.); services 59.8%, industry 28.5%, agriculture 11.7% (2009 est.). Industries: textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper, chemicals, auto parts, base metals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; dairy products, wine, other foodstuffs; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism. Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower. Exports: $61 billion (2013 est.): agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals. Imports: $59 billion (2013 est.): agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials. Major trading partners: Spain, France, Germany, Angola, UK, Italy, Netherlands (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.558 million (2012); mobile cellular: 12.312 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: 300. Television broadcast stations: 40 (2008). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3.748 million (2012). Internet users: 5.168 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 3,319 km (2008). Highways: total: 82,900 km; paved: 71,294 km; unpaved: 11,606 km (2008). Waterways: 210 km (on Douro River from Porto) (2011). Ports and harbors: Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines. Airports: 64 (2013).
International disputes: Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz.