Slovakia

Facts & Figures

Map of Slovakia
  • President: Andrej Kiska (2014)

    Prime Minister: Robert Fico (2012)

    Land area: 18,842 sq mi (48,800 sq km); total area: 18,859 sq mi (48,845 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 5,443,583 (growth rate: 0.03%); birth rate: 10.01/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.35/1000; life expectancy: 76.69; density per sq mi: 287

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Bratislava, 434,000

    Other large city: Kosice, 240,688

    Monetary unit: Koruna

    National name: Slovenska Republika

    Current government officials

    Languages: Slovak 78.6% (official), Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011)

    Ethnicity/race: Slovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Roma 2%, other and unspecified 8.8% (2011)

    Religions: Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, none 13.4%, other or unspecified 12.5% (2011)

    Literacy rate: 99.6% (2004 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $133.4 billion; per capita $24,700. Real growth rate: 0.8%. Inflation: 1.7%. Unemployment: 14.4% (2013 est.). Arable land: 28.36%. Agriculture: grains, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, cattle, poultry; forest products. Labor force: 2.727 million (2013 est.); agriculture 3.1%, industry 30.8%, services 47% (2013). Industries: metal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals, synthetic fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products. Natural resources: brown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land. Exports: $82.7 billion (2013 est.): vehicles 21%, machinery and electrical equipment 35.9%, base metals 11.3%, chemicals and minerals 8.1%, plastics 4.9% (2009). Imports: $77.96 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment 31%, mineral products 13%, vehicles 12%, base metals 9%, chemicals 8%, plastics 6% (2009). Major trading partners: Germany, Czech Republic, Austria, Italy, Poland, Hungary, Russia, France, U.K., South Korea (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 975,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 6.095 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 15, FM 78, shortwave 2 (2008). Radios: 3.12 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 38 (plus 864 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 2.62 million (2008). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1.384 million (2012). Internet users: 4.063 million (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 3,622 km (2008). Highways: total: 43,916 km; paved: 38,238 km (including 417 km of expressways); unpaved: 5,678 km (2010). Waterways: 172 km on the Danube. Ports and harbors: Bratislava, Komarno. Airports: 35 (2013).

    International disputes: bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continued in 2006 between Slovakia and Hungary over Hungary's completion of its portion of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Slovakia has implemented the strict Schengen border rules.

    Major sources and definitions

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