Geography Hall of Fame

Largest Continent: Asia, 17,212,000 square miles
Smallest Continent: Australia, 3,132,000 square miles
Highest Mountain: Mount Everest, Himalayan Mountains, Nepal-Tibet, 29,035 feet above sea level
Lowest Point on Land: The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, water surface 1,349 feet below sea level
Deepest Underwater Trench: Mariana Trench, 200 miles southwest of Guam in the Pacific Ocean, 36,198 feet below the ocean surface
Largest Sea: The Mediterranean Sea, 1,144,800 square miles
Highest Lake: The highest navigable lake is Lake Titicaca in Peru, 12,500 feet above sea level
Lowest Lake: The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, surface of water 1,349 feet below sea level
Largest Lake: Caspian Sea, 152,239 square miles
Largest Freshwater Lake: Lake Superior, U.S.-Canada, 31,820 square miles
Deepest Ocean: Pacific Ocean, average depth 13,215 feet
Largest Ocean: Pacific Ocean, 60,060,700 square miles
Smallest Ocean: Arctic Ocean, 5,427,000 square miles
Largest Gulf: Gulf of Mexico, 615,000 square miles
Largest Bay: The Bay of Bengal, 1,300,000 square miles
Largest Island: Greenland, 839,999 square miles
Largest Peninsula: Arabia, 1,250,000 square miles
Largest Archipelago: Indonesia, 3,500-mile stretch of 17,000 islands
Largest Gorge: Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Arizona, U.S., 217 miles long, 4–18 miles wide, 1 mile deep
Deepest Gorge: Hells Canyon, Snake River, Idaho, 7,900 feet deep
Longest Mountain Range: The Andes of South America, 5,000 miles
Longest River: The Nile, Africa, 4,180 miles
Shortest River: The Roe, Montana, U.S., 200 feet long
Largest River: The Amazon, South America, basin of 2,500,000 square miles
Longest Estuary: Ob River, Russia, 550 miles long, up to 50 miles wide
Largest Lagoon: Lagoa dos Patos, Brazil, 150 miles long, 4,500 square miles
Largest Waterfall: Angel Falls, Venezuela, 3,212 feet high

An archipelago is a string of islands.