government: Meaning and Definition of


Pronunciation: (guv'urn-munt, -ur-munt), [key]
— n.
  1. the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration: Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society.
  2. the form or system of rule by which a state, community, etc., is governed: monarchical government; episcopal government.
  3. the governing body of persons in a state, community, etc.; administration.
  4. a branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole: a dam built by the government.
  5. (in some parliamentary systems, as that of the United Kingdom) The government has fallen.
    1. the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time: The Prime Minister has formed a new government.
    2. the parliament along with the cabinet:The government has fallen.
  6. direction; control; management; rule: the government of one's conduct.
  7. a district governed; province.
  8. See
  9. the extablished usage that requires that one word in a sentence should cause another to be of a particular form: the government of the verb by its subject.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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