Meaning of root

root

Pronunciation: (rt, root), [key]
— n.
  1. a part of the body of a plant that develops, typically, from the radicle and grows downward into the soil, anchoring the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture.
  2. a similar organ developed from some other part of a plant, as one of those by which ivy clings to its support.
  3. any underground part of a plant, as a rhizome.
  4. something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function: roots of wires and cables.
  5. the embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, nerve, etc.
  6. the fundamental or essential part: the root of a matter.
  7. the source or origin of a thing: The love of money is the root of all evil.
  8. a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants.
  9. an offshoot or scion.
  10. The number 2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16.
    1. a quantity that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity:The number 2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16.
    2. rth root,the quantity raised to the power 1/r:The number 2 is the 13 root of 8.
    3. a value of the argument of a function for which the function takes the value zero.
    1. a morpheme that underlies an inflectional or derivational paradigm, as dance, the root in danced, dancer, or ten-, the root of Latin tendere “to stretch.”
    2. such a form reconstructed for a parent language, as *sed-, the hypothetical proto-Indo-European root meaning “sit.”
  11. He's lived in New York for twenty years, but his roots are in France.
    1. a person's original or true home, environment, and culture:He's lived in New York for twenty years, but his roots are in France.
    2. the personal relationships, affinity for a locale, habits, and the like, that make a country, region, city, or town one's true home:He lived in Tulsa for a few years, but never established any roots there.
    3. personal identification with a culture, religion, etc., seen as promoting the development of the character or the stability of society as a whole.
    1. the fundamental tone of a compound tone or of a series of harmonies.
    2. the lowest tone of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds; the fundamental.
    1. (in a screw or other threaded object) the narrow inner surface between threads. Cf.crest(def. 18),flank(def. 7).
    2. (in a gear) the narrow inner surface between teeth.
  12. an act of sexual intercourse.
  13. the inner angle of an angle iron.
  14. utterly; entirely: to destroy something root and branch.
  15. The prejudices of parents usually take root in their children.
    1. to send out roots; begin to grow.
    2. to become fixed or established:The prejudices of parents usually take root in their children.
—v.i.
  1. to become fixed or established.
—v.t.
  1. to fix by or as if by roots: We were rooted to the spot by surprise.
  2. to implant or establish deeply: Good manners were rooted in him like a second nature.
  3. to pull, tear, or dig up by the roots (often fol. by up or out).
  4. to extirpate; exterminate; remove completely (often fol. by up or out): to root out crime.

root

Pronunciation: (rt, root), [key]
—v.t.
  1. to turn over with the snout (often fol. by up).
  2. to unearth; bring to light (often fol. by up).

root

Pronunciation: (rt or, sometimes, root), [key]
— v.i.
  1. to encourage a team or contestant by cheering or applauding enthusiastically.
  2. to lend moral support: The whole group will be rooting for him.

Root

Pronunciation: (rt), [key]
— n.
  1. 1845–1937, U.S. lawyer and statesman: Nobel peace prize 1912.
  2. 1851–91, U.S. architect.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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