Meaning of separate

sep•a•rate

Pronunciation: (v.sep'u-rāt"adj., n.sep'ur-it), [key]
— v., adj., n. -rat•ed, -rat•ing,
—v.t.
  1. to keep apart or divide, as by an intervening barrier or space: to separate two fields by a fence.
  2. to put, bring, or force apart; part: to separate two fighting boys.
  3. to set apart; disconnect; dissociate: to separate church and state.
  4. to remove or sever from association, service, etc., esp. legally or formally: He was separated from the army right after V-E Day.
  5. to sort, part, divide, or disperse (an assemblage, mass, compound, etc.), as into individual units, components, or elements.
  6. to take by parting or dividing; extract (usually fol. by from or out): to separate metal from ore.
  7. to write (the variables of a differential equation) in a form in which the differentials of the independent and dependent variables are, respectively, functions of these variables alone:Cf. We can separate the variables to solve the equation.
—v.i.
  1. to part company; withdraw from personal association (often fol. by from): to separate from a church.
  2. (of a married pair) to stop living together but without getting a divorce.
  3. to draw or come apart; become divided, disconnected, or detached.
  4. to become parted from a mass or compound: Cream separates from milk.
  5. to take or go in different directions: We have to separate at the crossroad.
—adj.
  1. detached, disconnected, or disjoined.
  2. unconnected; distinct; unique: two separate questions.
  3. being or standing apart; distant or dispersed: two separate houses; The desert has widely separate oases.
  4. existing or maintained independently: separate organizations.
  5. individual or particular: each separate item.
  6. not shared; individual or private: separate checks; separate rooms.
  7. (sometimes cap.) noting or pertaining to a church or other organization no longer associated with the original or parent organization.
—n.
  1. Usually,women's outer garments that may be worn in combination with a variety of others to make different ensembles, as matching and contrasting blouses, skirts, and sweaters.
  2. offprint (def. 1).
  3. a bibliographical unit, as an article, chapter, or other portion of a larger work, printed from the same type but issued separately, sometimes with additional pages.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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