Meaning of site catchment analysis

site' catch"ment anal"ysis

Pronunciation: [key]
— Archaeol. Archaeol.
  1. the examination by survey, excavation, maps, and graphs of a contained area to evaluate the productivity of the resources customarily exploited by the inhabitants of a settlement, especially a prehistoric one.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.