Akutagawa, Ryunosuke ryo͝onô´so͝okĕ˝ äko͞o´tä´gä´wä [key], pseud. of Chōkōdō Shujin chōkō´dō sho͞o´jĭn [key], 1892–1927, Japanese author. One of Japan's finest short-story writers, he derived many of his tales from historical Japanese sources, but told them with psychological insights in an individualistic style.
In a Grove(1921) were made into the classic 1950 film Rashomon, directed by Akira Kurosawa . His later writings, largely autobiographical fiction, were not successful, and this lack of popular response may have contributed to his suicide.
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