Enchi, Fumiko fo͞o´mē´kō ĕn´chē [key], 1905–86, Japanese novelist and literary critic. The daughter of a well-known Japanese literary scholar, she first wrote for the theater, later turning to novels and short stories. Enchi's work covers a wide range of subjects, but is generally centered on the inner lives of women and their roles in society. Onnazaka [the waiting years], awarded the Noma Literary Prize in 1957, traces the struggle of a matriarch to hold her family together through the early years of Japan's modernization. A prolific writer despite repeated bouts of illness, Enchi received numerous awards. Her modern Japanese translation of the renowned classical Japanese novel The Tale of Genji received wide acclaim.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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