Shimazaki Toson sh?mzk? t?s?n [key]
, 1872?1943, Japanese poet and novelist. A pioneer in the establishment of a new Japanese verse form, Toson later turned his talents to prose fiction. Hakai
[the broken commandment], a story of an outcast schoolteacher, is considered the first Japanese naturalist novel. Subsequent works were somewhat autobiographical in nature; his masterpiece, Yoake no mae
[before the dawn], a historical novel, traces the growth of modern Japan through a fictionalized account of his father's life.
See J. A. Walker, The Japanese Novel of the Meiji Period and the Ideal of Individualism (1979).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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