Monticelli, Adolphe

Monticelli, Adolphe ädôlfˈ môNtēsĕlēˈ [key], 1824–86, French painter. He worked in Paris and, after 1870, in his native Marseilles. Influenced by Watteau and Delacroix, he portrayed subjects usually of a festive or exotic nature. He has been regarded as a prophet of abstract expressionism because of his free use of dazzling colors applied with a heavy impasto. His work is best represented in Lille and Marseilles. The museums of Boston, Chicago, New York City, St. Louis, and Washington, D.C., have examples of his painting. The Fête Châmpetre (Brooklyn Mus.) is characteristic.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2024, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: European Art, 1600 to the Present: Biographies