Villaurrutia, Xavier hv??r v??yo?oro?oty [key], 1903?50, Mexican poet and playwright. Villaurrutia was deeply influenced by Ramn Lpez Velarde. He worked on the Mexican literary review Contemporneos (1928?31) and in 1928 founded the first experimental theater in Mexico. His poetic writing includes Reflejos (1926) and Nocturnos (1933). Villaurrutia's intense preoccupation with death permeates the poems in Nostalgia de la muerte (1938) and Dcima muerte [tenth death] (1941); it is also the subject of his play Invitacin a la muerte (1941). His most notable theatrical works are the short dramatic pieces, Autos profanos, included in Poesa y teatro completos (1953). Villaurrutia greatly influenced the work of younger Mexican poets, notably Al Chumacero.
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