serial photographson a screen, producing images that appeared to move; it was the forerunner of the motion picture. He wrote The Horse in Motion (1878) and The Human Figure in Motion (1901). His Animals in Motion (1899, repr. 1957) consists of 11 portfolios: thousands of pictures of men, women, children, amputees, and many domestic and wild animals in action. This work was of considerable importance to artists. He also made outstanding landscape studies in Central America and Yosemite and panoramic views of San Francisco. Muybridge murdered his wife's lover in 1874; the case was dismissed as justifiable homicide.
See K. MacDonnell, Eadweard Muybridge: The Man Who Invented the Moving Picture (1972); R. B. Haas, Muybridge: Man in Motion (1976); G. Hendricks, Eadweard Muybridge: The Father of the Motion Picture (2d ed. 2001); P. Hill, Eadweard Muybridge (2001); R. Solnit, River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West (2003); E. Ball, The Inventor and the Tycoon (2013).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Photography: Biographies