Rossetti, Dante Gabriel
In 1860 he married his model and muse, Elizabeth Siddal, a former milliner's assistant whom he had been more or less engaged to for nearly 10 years. Melancholic and tubercular, she took an overdose of laudanum and died in 1862. Rossetti, in a fit of guilt and grief, buried with her a manuscript containing a number of his poems. Some years later he permitted her body to be exhumed and the poems recovered. The first edition of his collected works appeared in 1870. The last years of his life were marked by an increasingly morbid state of mind (he became addicted to alcohol and chloral), and for a time he was considered insane.
Although he began his career as a painter, Rossetti's reputation has long rested mainly upon his poetry. His paintings are deeply colored and sensuous. His earliest oils, such as
Almost inseparable in tone and feeling from his paintings, his poetry is noted for its pictorial effects and its atmosphere of luxurious beauty. Although there is always passion in his verse, there is also always thought. He was a master of the sonnet form, and his sonnet sequence “The House of Life” is one of his finest works. His other notable works include the ballad “Sister Helen” and the dramatic monologues “Jenny” and “A Last Confession.” His translations from the Italian appeared as
See his poems (ed. by O. Doughty, 1957); catalog raisonné of his paintings and drawings (ed. by V. Surtees, 2 vol., 1972); biographies by O. Doughty (2d ed. 1963), E. Waugh (1928, repr. 1969), and A. Faxon (1989); studies by S. A. Brooke (1908, repr. 1964), G. H. Fleming (1967), R. S. Fraser, ed. (1972), J. Rees (1981), and D. G. Riede (1983).
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