Connolly, Cyril kŏn´əlē [key]
, 1903–74, English critic and editor, b. Coventry, England. After attending the Univ. of Oxford, he began his career as a journalist. With Stephen Spender
he founded Horizon
(1939–49), a small literary magazine that reflected Connolly's own iconoclastic and mordant attitudes toward contemporary society. He also used his critical gifts as a long-time book reviewer for The New Statesman
and London's Sunday Times.
Among his works are Rock Pool
(1935), a satirical novel that ranks with the best of Huxley
; Enemies of Promise
(1938), an autobiography of ideas; The Unquiet Grave
(1944), a potpourri of critical commentaries, quotations, and aphorisms; The Condemned Playground
(1945) and Previous Convictions
(1964), both collections of literary essays; and The Modern Movement: 100 Key Books From England, France, and America, 1880–1950
See biography by C. Fisher (1995); D. Pryce-Jones, Cyril Connolly: Journal and Memoir (1983); M. Shelden, Friends of Promise: Cyril Connolly and the World of Horizon (1989).
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